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DOT/ SAP Services

Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) Services


In the past several years, there have been substantial changes to U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations, both for employees and employers. A covered employee, who violates a DOT rule, must comply with a formal, structured evaluation by a qualified SAP. Failure to complete the formal SAP process can result in the safety sensitive employee from being barred from working in safety sensitive duties indefinitely, and can result in substantial monetary fines to the employer if the employee continues safety sensitive job duties without completing the SAP process.

Who is regulated by DOT?

Dot Industries Requiring the utilization of a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)?

  • Maritime
  • Coast Guard
  • Federal Aviation
  • CDL
  • Railroad
  • Federal Transit
  • Pipeline/Hazardous Transit

FAA: oversees civil aviation, commercial aircraft, shuttle and private planes.

FMCSA: oversees truck and buses.

FRA: oversees railroads.

FTA: oversees public transportation, subways, light rail, all rail transportation, and people movers.

PHMSA: oversees shipments of hazardous materials and energy transported by pipelines.


What is a SAP?


A (SAP) is a Substance Abuse Professional who evaluates employees who fail a Department of Transportation (DOT) alcohol, and or, drug tests. A Substance Abuse Professional plays a significant role in helping employees return to work, by providing an initial SAP evaluation, referring for substance abuse services, conducting a Follow-Up Interview and reporting to the employer if the individual was compliant or non-compliant.


How the SAP Assessment process works


A confirmed violation (most commonly, positive tests for alcohol or illicit drugs) an employer may have reasonable suspension or an employee may self-report the use of alcohol or drugs, at that time the employee must stand down from the safety sensitive duties, and is not able to return to safety sensitive duties until they have been released or returned to duty by a qualified SAP.

The employee must contact a qualified SAP and go in for a face-to-face substance abuse assessment. At the end of the assessment the employee will leave with a recommendation for either drug/alcohol treatment or education. The employee will be referred to complete treatment or education.

Submit to a urine analysis upon receipt of the results the SAP will contact the employee for a follow-up Interview

Upon completion of the follow-up interview the employer will be sent the Return to Duty Documents indicating compliance or non-compliance. If the employee is found to be compliant they are considered eligible to resume safety sensitive duties. THE EMPLOYER ALWAYS RESERVERS THE RIGHT TO ALLOW AN EMPLOYEE TO RETURN OR NOT TO RETURN TO DUTY

The employee will then be eligible to return to duty, which is at the discretion of the employer. The employer will order a return to duty drug test. The return to duty test are directly observed, this is per UD DOT policy, in addition any follow up drug tests will be observed as well.


How long is the SAP process?


There is no way to determine how long the process will take for each individual. The length of time it takes is up to how long it takes you to complete the process. The fastest way to get finished is to GET STARTED!


Can I just find another employer?


A future DOT-covered employer is required to obtain your drug and alcohol testing records from your former employers for the previous two years. Your former employer is required to report your violation, and if there is no SAP report regarding compliance, no employer is permitted to hire you. However, there is nothing preventing you from working for a non-DOT employer, in which case you dont have to go through this SAP process. But if you change your mind in the next two years, and decide to go back to a safety-sensitive function in the transportation industry, you will first have to complete a SAP return-to-duty process.


What if I cannot afford the SAPs recommendations?


There is no alternative. You must either comply with the recommendation and find a way to pay for it or find a different job outside of the transportation industry. DOT considers the SAPs recommendation to be final. No one can change it. Nor, can you go to another SAP.

If you are a DOT safety-sensitive employee and are in violation of DOTs drug and alcohol testing regulations, you will be required to complete the return-to-duty process which involves being evaluated by a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP). We are conveniently located in the Oklahoma City area. Initial evaluations will be scheduled within 24-48 hours (evening and weekend evaluations are by appointment only.) Although SAPs are licensed professionals, these services are not covered by most health insurance companies. As a SAP I am not an advocate for the employer or the employee. My primary function is to protect the public interest in safety by professionally evaluating the employee and recommending appropriate education and/or treatment, follow-up tests, and aftercare. Protecting public safety is my primary objective.


D. Lowe M.S., LPC, LADC, CCJS, BHWC, SAP qualified


I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC), Licensed Alcohol & Drug Counselor (LADC), Clinical Criminal Justice Specialist (CCJS), Behavioral Health Wellness Coach and a DOT qualified Substance Abuse Professional (SAP). My role as a SAP is to evaluate employees who have violated a DOT drug and alcohol program regulation and make recommendations; either education, treatment, follow-up testing and or continuing care. I offer SAP evaluation appointments within 24-48 hours, understand the importance for employees to return duty. (Evening & Weekend Appointments are available) (Appointment only) Call Today 405 424-MOOR *6667

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